Art and traditions

Art and traditions



Handmade carpets were born in Persia around 3000 years ago. The oldest carpet surviving until modern civilization is the famous Paziryk rug (2500 years old) representing the Persian King Cyrus the Great during the VI century B.C.

After the disintegration of the Persian Empire within XVIII century A.D. the territories that were part of it (Caucasian, Kurdistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, etc.) kept the handmade rug manufacturing tradition in terms of both represented images and knotting. Within the ages the art of handmade rug manufacturing has been spread in India, China and Romania too.


Usually people’s culture is transmitted through literature, sculptures and paintings. Persian’s culture is also transmitted through the noble art of manufacturing handmade rugs. The most common images knotted on rugs are inspired by religion, historical situations as invasions and regime changes, social and cultural events, births of heirs and so on.


Rugs are crafted by hand through several steps usually by first spreading vertically the warp. A first row of knots is performed on the warp to create the veil. Then one or more threads of knots are processed to create the plot, a system that will repeat itself until the final creation of the rug. The drawing is previously made in such a way as to follow the track during manual tapping of the rug. Two types on knots generally characterize rugs:

o   Persian knots also called Senneh

o   Turkish knots also called Ghiordes

Rugs can be classified with tree categories depending on their age:

  • Antique rugs, created at least 100 years ago, use colours from vegetables. Those are often characterized by different colour bands (called Abrash) due to the different waxing of the wool;
  • Old rugs, at least 30 years old, use of vegetable or artificial colours;
  • New rugs, modern or contemporary handcraft;

Materials making rugs are cotton, wool and silk in different combinations. There are rugs completely made by wool or completely made by silk or by texture and warp in cotton and wool fleece or rugs with silk texture, warp and fleece made by wool and so on. Rugs characterized by the use of materials as wool and cotton, for example, look more elegant due to finer knots while rugs 100% made by wool look thicker but are also stronger. Most refined carpets are characterized by silk wrap and texture and their fleece can even be done either by wires of gold or silver.


Nodo Persiano (nodo Senneh)


Nodo Turco detto (nodo Ghiordes)